- Land-Use Planning: Spanning the Divide
Urban land-use planning exists primarily to prevent conflicts in land use, by organizing the use of land within an urban environment in a manner that is both ethical and efficient. There are a wide variety of terms in play relating to such fields as urban planning and land-use planning, and they are often used interchangeably in a fashion that is not entirely accurate. One of the most widely accepted “general definitions” for land-use planning comes from Canada, which describes the practice as relating to the “scientific, aesthetic, and orderly disposition of land, resources, facilities and services with a view to securing the physical, economic and social efficiency, health and well-being of urban and rural communities.” (Canadian Institute of Planners, 2011).
Within the United States specifically, there are several different recognized types of urban land-use planning. These are only roughly categorized due to the somewhat legally ambiguous nature of the word “planning,” but the following classifications are generally agreed upon by experienced experts in the field (do note, for the record, that only strategic and environmental planning remain in widespread use today).
- Traditional planning: Also known as “comprehensive planning,” this discipline became common in the United States after the second world war. The endeavor is to emphasize rational distribution of land and lay down extremely precise and specific statements about how it may be used, to which end experts are deliberately sought out who are politically neutral to the region at hand – often being brought in from distant locations.
- Systems planning: Systems planning came into existence through the wars in Korea and Vietnam, during which times rising popular discontent with the government – coupled with the unanticipated population growth of post-world-war baby boom – served to emphasize the shortcomings of traditional land-use planning. Systems planning focuses more on how land is used, and less on purely rational physical divisions being laid out precisely in advance.
- Democratic planning: As the name would suggest, “democratic planning” incorporated a more broadly-based democratic process into the methodology of “systems planning.” Within a given community, a larger number of local citizens – from a more diverse range of racial and social origins, given the societal changes being wrought during the 1960s – had a say in planning for the literal layout of their futures.
- Advocacy and Equity Planning: Picking up from where democratic planning left off, and continuing into the 1970s, A&E land-use planning sought to directly redress issues of inequality by increasing the racial diversity of those involved in planning local communities.
- Strategic Planning: Strategic planning also has its origins in the 1960s, but it continues to this day. The spiritual offspring of systems planning, strategic planning offers greater recognition of small-scale objectives, while remaining focused on the “big picture” of a community’s future interactions with its surroundings.
- Environmental planning: Also continuing unto the present day, environmental land-use planning is the first discipline to officially incorporate modern scientific understanding of the political and ecological effects of continuing urban development into its efforts as major points of focus.
- Do You Need An Attorney For Your DUI Case?
A DUI case can get your life off track. If you have been handling your own arraignment, it is time you switch to a reliable DIU attorney who can get you out of the legal mess. Explaining your case to a lawyer and getting to know the strengths and weaknesses of your case can definitely put you in a safe position. An expert advice is worth all the trouble. Depending upon the severity of the case, it is best to opt for legal advice.
Hiring a lawyer can be beneficial when there is scope for a plea bargain. In case the BAC test levels are just above 0.08 then there are chances that the prosecution may change the charge from DUI to something lesser offensive. The best DUI lawyer in Orlando can negotiate to bring your charges down to a much less serious offense. Reckless driving is possible such plea that is easier for a lawyer to fall back on when winning a DUI case seems remote.
Most states provide the assistance of a public defender for people who are economically backward. Others have to depend on a private attorney for a good plea bargain. Moreover, an attorney with a good reputation and credibility with the prosecutor’s office stand a high chance of getting a quick and favorable plea bargain. This way you can be devoid of the hassles of appearing before the prosecutor for innumerable number of time and get a reasonable plea bargain.
Remember if you need to go to trial, attorney‘s office is the best place to start. Approach an attorney with a decent trial record and who can understand your pressures. Trials can be steep and can take away much of your time and peace of mind. Leave it to the experienced and heave a sigh of relief. Check with the National College of DUI Defense for the right assistance.
- Were You Falsely Accused of Domestic Violence?
If you find yourself falsely accused of ANY crime, there’s an obvious need for outstanding representation. But in the case of , the seriousness of the allegations and the potential to damage your reputation and disrupt your career and custody of your children make it extremely important that your counsel is top-notch.
We asked the best domestic violence attorney in Orlando for a better understanding of the way they defend their clients. Here’s a synopsis of what Grozinger Family Law had to say:
Domestic violence regrettably is not uncommon. It involves a variety of different charges, but generally entails an ongoing or former intimate connection between the prey and suspect that results in allegations of physical and/or emotional wounds. The penalties for domestic violence also change based mainly upon the kind of affront, the injury inflicted, illegal past of the charged, and the age of the injured person.
Some examples of domestic violence include assault, battery, stalking, child abuse and abandonment, elder abuse, and threats of physical violence.
Targets of Domestic Violence
Many domestic violence crimes concern spouses or former spouses who engage in disparaging behavior toward the other, which triggers one spouse striking the other and producing a visible injury. Charges for domestic violence may also be cited against dating partners, domestic partners, prior dating partners, or a cohabitant.
Other offenses pertain to young children that are injured while being reprimanded by a parent, caretaker, or anyone trusted with a child’s supervision. Child endangerment also includes placing or authorizing the child to be in a high-risk situation, including allowing a partner to physically beat a child or to run a drug operation out of your house.
Threats of violence that the victim perceives as planned to cause severe physical harm can be effected on any person. Within the framework of domestic violence, it would pertain to current or ex-spouses or dating partners, parents, children, and domestic partners.
A domestic violence infraction can be charged as either a misdemeanor or perhaps felony with the penalties fluctuating greatly among the states.
The difference between a misdemeanor charge and a felony commonly depends upon the severity of the damage and whether the defendant has a criminal history. Many states will also upgrade the offense if the victim is a minor.
- Pros and Cons Of Personal Bankruptcy
Pros and Cons of Personal Bankruptcy
Filing for bankruptcy is a major life decision and it has to be handled with utmost care and concern. That means that you should seek out professional representation so that you fully understand your options, says our Houston legal expert. Meet attorney Shaw of Shaw defense as early as possible to sort through your options.
There are pros and cons of personal bankruptcy. Though the process help get relief from debts it does come with its own baggage of concerns.
Pros of personal bankruptcy
The first advantage is that it can discharge of your debts. This means that you are not liable to repay these debts and are no longer held responsible for them. This is a legal solution to waive your bills, Chapter 7 can give you complete relief from debts while Chapter 13 allows you to consolidate your debts into a single monthly payment. This repayment can be done based on your current income status and liabilities. This becomes more manageable. The court issues automatic stay notice once you file for bankruptcy which means that creditors cannot collect debts from you. This puts an end to repayment letters, phone calls and summons statements.
Moreover bankruptcy does not leave you without any assets. Under Chapter 7 filing bankruptcy exemptions are given. This means assets cannot be seized under this filing. You can still own your house, valuables, jewelry, clothes and other personal items within certain limits. The good news is that you cannot be fired from your job for filing bankruptcy. You will want a good Chapter 7 bankruptcy attorney.
Cons of personal bankruptcy
Though you may be relieved from most of your debts, it is not a complete relief as you still has some debts to be cleared and these include, paying recent back taxes, student loans, alimony and child support and penalties owed to the government. Though you can hold on to your exempt property under Chapter 7 bankruptcy filing, non-exempt property is lost. This could include house, cash, stocks and bonds, and house. The biggest disadvantage is that it can tarnish your credit records for 10 years. This could make it all the more difficult to apply for new loans in the future. Even if a loan is sanction you may have to pay high rate of interest for the poor scores registered in your credit records.
Bankruptcy does not come cheap, you have to pay filing fees, credit counseling charges, attorney fees, bankruptcy trustee free and more. Moreover it can hamper your reputation. Though it is seen as a debt solution when you are left with a meager income to hardly run your family, it should always be looked as a final resort.
- Chicago Has Outstanding DUI Defense Attorneys
If you are charged with DUI, you may feel tempted to seek the help of any attorney; worse still, you may feel prompted not to look for any legal advice at all. Both alternatives present great risks given your present situation. Similarly, if a loved one has been charged with DUI, you should focus and keep a clear head and look for the best Chicago DUI attorneys.
What is DUI?
Any act of dangerous driving may be considered as being caused by DUI. Consequently, a driver may be charged with this crime (or misdemeanor) accordingly. A DUI may involve the suspension of your driving privileges in many cases. For example, if the driver’s breath, blood or urine test were positive, the Illinois Secretary of State would suspend the driver’s license for at least, six months. If on the accused did not accept to take the test, their license would be removed for over a year. Last but not least, a DUI charge may result in criminal prosecution which may eventually end in conviction. This is why a charge with DUI must be dealt with by the most dedicated and professional lawyers in Chicago.
Gruszeczki & Smith Law
Who are they?
Both Michael Gruszeczki and Dustin Smith have been prosecutors. Therefore, they have a wide experience on the way both police and prosecutors work. Moreover, they know exactly what arguments will be put forward by the prosecution and what type of evidence will be presented and how. They are also familiar with the different procedures involved in each case, such as investigative techniques, tests and above all, the different ways in which the police testify at court. All this expertise combined together has endowed attorneys at Gruszeczki & Smith with the power to analyze each case with a deeper insight than most average lawyers would.
What to expect?
From the very moment you get in touch with these attorneys, you begin to feel the safety and assurance that only sound professionals can provide. Rest assured that they have only one purpose in mind: to get a non-guilty verdict. Since many scenarios are possible, this goal is sometimes achieved through other means. For example, in many cases a trial is not even necessary and the accused is dismissed without even losing their driver’s license. In many other cases, the trial actually takes place, but the experts are able to find flaws in the procedures and obtain interesting plea bargains in return. Whatever the case, the driver must know that they will be carefully informed all throughout the procedure. Unlike many other legal professionals who keep their clients in the dark concerning their approach, with Gruszeczki & Smith traffic defense you will get all the information you need and more. This close contact with clients helps to relief stress and cast the shadows away. Also, clients feel that they are being a part of the process themselves by knowing what comes next. Many testimonials mention this quality as helping to reduce fear and increase optimism.
- Get a Traffic Law Attorney to Protect your Rights in Court
Traffic violations are perhaps the most frequent reason for facing some kind of legal action. Eight out of ten American citizens have already faced or will face charges of traffic violations at one point in their lives. Even when there are many different types of traffic violations, the most common ones involve either driving while having a revoked or suspended license, DUI or other types of minor traffic issues. Whatever the charge, the best way to handle this situation is by hiring a Chicago traffic law expert attorney.
Why should I hire a Traffic Law Expert?
There are many reasons to counsel with a professional lawyer. The most obvious one is because they can ensure that your case will be dealt with efficiency and clarity. Also, you should keep in mind that if you have been charged with a traffic violation, neither the law enforcement officials, neither the prosecutors are on your side. You stand pretty much alone, unless you hire your own attorney for the defense.
Why Gruszeczki and Smith?
Gruszeczki and Smith law attorneys have all the training and experience that your case could need. As they have been prosecutors themselves, they are able to offer experienced legal representation based on the knowledge they gathered while working as prosecutors. Interestingly enough, their approach is based on two premises: either the process has been full of flaws and can be easily challenged, or the essential constitutional rights have been challenged. Either way, they have the knowledge and experience to work with these issues to your favor.
When should I call Gruszeczki and Smith?
As was stated earlier, there are many reasons why you would need a traffic law attorney. However, on occasions, you may need to counsel with a professional attorney without facing a traffic violation. If you have already had a suspension of driving privileges or lost your driver’s license, you may feel that it is high time you solved the issue. The bad news is that sometimes the Secretary of State does not make it easy to get your license back. Furthermore, many undocumented residents must face the challenge of living in the US without being able to drive. Driving under these conditions will only make matters worse. This is why hiring Gruszeczki and Smith criminal law experts can help you to clean your record. Moreover, they can help you to apply for a valid license if you have never had one, yet.
If you are already on the verge of standing trial, you will find that the help of a criminal attorney is essential to success. Only an aggressive, well-trained lawyer is able to challenge procedures, dismiss evidence or negotiate successfully. You cannot run the risk of a poor legal representation. Remember a traffic violation may eventually lead you to face time in jail or prison. A conviction of this type is not only challenging to your emotional life, but also to your personal economy. Convicted felons find it much more difficult to get ahead in life regarding education, job or personal opportunities.
- Family Law: Defend Your Best Interests Through Divorce
Most people feel that divorce is one of those life stages nobody prepares you for. You have been schooled on relationship issues, on courting and even on marriage. In fact, many couples even take up pre-marital counseling! But when it comes to divorce: it is all one huge crash course. Unfortunately, what may take time to work out on a personal level; cannot be delayed in the legal field. Some aspects will be (and must be) sorted out more quickly than feelings. This is why looking for professional legal advice during this period may be vital to defend your best interests. Professional legal help, such as the one available on www.pocklingtonlaw.com can make a difference between just being sad and being both sad and empty-handed.
How can a Family Attorney help?
Family lawyers at Pocklington Law offices know all about the many aspects involved in this legal area: child custody, alimony, spousal support, palimony, marriage annulment and division of property. They can also provide useful insight on cases involving LGBT rights. Another valuable contribution concerns time. I n California, a divorcing couple must wait a whole six months before the divorce is finally over. This means that for six months, people are forced to go through extremely stressful situations, such as court presentations. This lengthy process could be minimized with the help of a well-trained divorce lawyer.
Defending your Best Interests
But the waiting game means nothing next to more important aspects, such as child custody or spousal support. If you have been a stay-at-home parent for years and have had no other job, other than take care of the household or children, it would not be fair for you to be left destitute overnight. This issue can be settled when alimony is discussed. But since many divorcing couples face an ongoing battle over material possessions, this kind of settlement would not be possible without the professional and knowledgeable aid of a divorce lawyer. The same principle applies for child custody. If the couple’s children have been used to spending time with both parents, it would be unfair to deprive them of one of the spouse’s company. Settlements, like the ones involving joint custody or visiting arrangements can become more civilized just with the sole presence of the attorney. However and since most divorces involve some story concerning unfair treatment to one of the spouses, there may be times that settlements are not so easy to handle. Only an experienced family lawyer will be able to guide you through the deep waters of child custody issues. If there is any reason to think that the family children should not be with one of the parents, these legal professionals know just how to defend the children’s rights.
To conclude, very few couples are able to agree in a harmonious way. Most of the times, people need aid through professional counseling. Remember, if you were unable to agree on certain unimportant issues when you were together, what makes you think that you will do it any better now: a family law attorney is the way to go.
- Estate Planning: A Responsible Step
You’re thirty-four years old. You have a job, a house, a small amount of savings, and a car. You’re married, with two young children; your wife also has a car. You have a small amount of money set aside for retirement, but you’re really not thinking about that jut yet – does this sound familiar? You and your wife have a small joint bank account, as well as your own separate bank accounts. You have a cherished family pet with another ten to fifteen years left to live, and your children would be devastated at its loss.
This is a complicated array of considerations to take into account if you were to suddenly and irrevocably become disabled. Complicated situations tend to translate, within the context of our legal system, into long, drawn-out, and painful court engagements.
Imagine that you’re suddenly in a car accident. You become permanently disabled – you’re paralyzed from the waist down. You have to deal with large numbers of well-meaning people who proceed to demonstrate that they are as thick as mud by telling you that “you’re lucky” and “it might have been worse.” The general sentiment is that you should count your lucky stars – that’s assuming that there is somebody available to wheel you outside so you can see them, right? Preferably, someone who won’t leave you there.
Suddenly, you have to worry about the cost of your care. You’re lucky enough (sorry) to have a job which can be carried out from a home office, as well as a boss who is willing to support you in making that transition, but you quickly accumulate a moderately sized Krakatoa of debt; now you’re risking the seizure of assets in order to pay that debt off.
Four years down the road, your wife decides she’s had enough. At this point, she’s thirty-four, you’re thirty-eight, and she’s decided that this isn’t the life she wants for herself for the rest of her years, or until you pass on… which, statistically, is going to be at a very young age, potentially leaving her a decade or two further on down the road in a precarious financial position herself. You call your now ex-wife a lot of angry names that you mean to varying extents, despite some of them not making much sense, but you’ve still got to figure out what’s going to happen to your children – because the court, without a plan in place, is not going to leave them in the permanent care of someone who is physically disabled to the point where they require assistance to survive on a day-to-day basis.
An estate planning lawyer is an attorney – or, potentially, an entire legal firm – who will help you through this crucial step of adulthood that so many tens of millions of people chronically neglect due to their sense of discomfort at confronting the facts of their own mortality. Nobody wants to think about the possibility of their dying or becoming permanently disabled, but when such a thing happens (the one, in particular, is more or less an eventual guarantee) “not having through about it” can leave your survivors in a state of grief, only to find themselves having to scramble to pick up the pieces of your liquidated assets. Personal possessions, including vehicles and property, will be sold off for a fraction of its actual value, and the government will provide you with a percentage of the remainder… and if you have dependent children, and haven’t made arrangements for their care, the government will determine what is best for them as well.
Having a legal professional – or a team of them – work out these issues with you in advance is a genuine Godsend. It leaves your loved ones with a small amount of security and piece of mind while they grieve, knowing that your estate is being responsibly cared for in accordance with your particular wishes.
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This newly redesigned edition of Family Law: The Essentials, 2E, provides accurate, concise coverage of family law with an emphasis on practical paralegal skills and technique. The text presents all the standard topics that must be covered in a family law course, but does so in a briefer format than the comprehensive Family Law by the same author. It is ideal for use in shorter courses or for courses that supplement a text with state-specific material.More...
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Building on the success of their groundbreaking 1988 Divorce Mediation, Folberg et al. now present the latest state-of-the-art, comprehensive resource on family and divorce mediation. Paving the way for the field to establish its own distinct discipline and academic tradition, this authoritative volume offers chapters contributed by leading mediation researchers, trainers, and practitioners. Detailed are the theory behind mediation practice, the contemporary social and political context, and practical issues involved in mediating divorce and custody disputes with contemporary families. Authors also address intriguing questions about professional standards and where the field should go from here. A groundbreaking resource, this volume is indispensable for all mental health and legal professionals working with families in transition.
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